Philippines Police operational procedure

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This police operational procedure is courtesy of the download area on the Quezon City Police department website. For updated information please see the Philippine National Police website.

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General Procedure

Regardless of the type of functions to be performed and/or police operation to be

conducted, all PNP units and personnel shall comply with and apply the following

procedure:

Rule 1: Police Blotter

Rule 2: Inter-Units Coordination

Rule 3: Basic requirements of police intervention operations

Rule 4: Warning by use of megaphones

Rule 5:  Warning shots

Rule 6:  Use of deadly force

Rule 7:  Reasonable force

Rule 8:  Moving vehicles

Rule 9: Things to be done after an armed confrontation

Rule 10: Jurisdictional investigation by the territorial unit concerned

Rule 11: Arrest

Rule 12: Search and seizures

Rule 13: Crime Scene Investigation

Rule 14: Undercover operations

Rule 15: Custodial investigation

Rule 16: Inquest procedures

Rule 17: Rules on labor disputes, rallies, demonstrations, and demolitions

Rule 18: Strikes, lockouts, and labor disputes

Rule 19: Demolition orders, injunctions, and other similar orders

Rule 20: Checkpoints

Rule 21: Civil disturbance management operations

Rule 22: Hostage situation

Rule 23: Aviation security procedures

Rule 24: Internal security operations

Rule 25: Bomb threat and bomb incident emergency response procedures

Rule 26: Computer crime incident response procedure

Rule 1:  POLICE BLOTTER

Each PNP operating units shall maintain an official police blotter where all types

of operational and undercover dispatches shall be recorded containing the five “W”s and

one “H” of an information.

Rule 2:  INTER-UNITS COORDINATION

Team Leaders of Local Police Units operating outside their AOR and National

Support Units shall coordinate personally or through an official representative with the

concerned territorial Police Office within whose jurisdiction the operation will be

conducted using the prescribed Coordination Form (ANNEX-A Refer to page xii) prior to

the launching of the operation, except in cases of hot pursuit where the inter-unit

coordination through the written form cannot be made due to the nature and urgency of

the situation. In such case, the Police Unit in pursuit shall endeavor to notify the

territorial unit by any means of appropriate communication at anytime during the hot

pursuit and if not possible, shall accomplish and furnish the territorial Police Unit a

written incident report immediately after the termination of that particular pursuit

operation.

Hot Pursuit – (also termed in the US as fresh pursuit) shall mean an immediate,

recent chase or follow-up without material interval for the purpose of taking into custody

any person wanted by virtue of a warrant or one suspected to have committed a recent

offence while fleeing from one police jurisdiction to another, necessitating the pursuing

Police Unit to cross jurisdiction boundaries that will normally require prior official

personal inter-unit coordination but which the pursuing unit cannot at that moment

comply with due to the urgency of the situation.

Rule 3: BASIC REQUIREMENTS OF POLICE INTERVENTION OPERATIONS

Generally, all police intervention operations (arrest, raid, search and seizure,

checkpoint, etc) shall be conducted:

a. With a marked police vehicle;

b. Preferably led by a Commissioned Officer;

c. With personnel in proper police uniform

Rule 4:  WARNING BY USE OF MEGAPHONES

During actual police intervention operations, if feasible, the team leader shall use

all peaceful means, including the use of megaphone or any other similar means, to

influence/warm the offenders/suspects to stop and/or peacefully give up.

Rule 5:  WARNING SHOTS

The police shall not use warning shots during any police intervention.

Rule 6:  USE OF DEADLY FORCE

The excessive use of force shall be avoided. The use of firearm is justifiable by

virtue of the Doctrines of Self-Defense, Defense of Relative, and Defense of Stranger,

and if the police has probable cause to believe that the suspect poses an imminent danger

of death or serious physical injury to the police or other persons.

Rule 7:  REASONABLE FORCE

During an armed confrontation, the police may use reasonable force to overcome

the threat posed by the suspect. However the Officer-in-Charge of the operation shall at

all times exercise control over his men in the area, and shall ensure that no innocent

civilian is caught in the crossfire.

Rule 8:  MOVING VEHICLES

Moving vehicles may not be fired upon solely to disable them the driver or other

occupant of moving motor vehicle may be fired upon if the police has probable cause to

believe that the suspects pose an imminent danger of death to the police or other persons,

and the use of firearm does not create a danger to the public that outweighs the likely

benefits of its use.

Rule 9:  THINGS TO BE DONE AFTER AN ARMED CONFRONTATION

Immediately after an armed confrontation, the Officer-in-Charge shall:

a. Secure the site of confrontation;

b. Check whether the situation still poses imminent danger;

c. Evacuate the wounded to the nearest hospital; and

d. Account for the killed, wounded and arrest persons for proper

disposition

Rule 10: JURISDICTIONAL INVESTIGATION BY THE TERRITORIAL UNIT CONCERNED

The Police Unit which has territorial jurisdiction of area of the armed

confrontation, together with the SOCO team, if any, shall immediately

undertake the necessary investigation and processing of the scene of the

encounter. In cases where there is a slain suspect, it shall submit the

incident for inquest before the duty inquest prosecutor prior to the removal

of the body from the scene, except in areas where there are no inquest

Prosecutors. In which case, the police can proceed with the investigation.

SPECIAL PROCEDURES

Rule 11: ARREST

All arrests should be made only on the basis of a valid warrant of arrest issued by

a competent authority, except in cases specified under the Doctrine of Citizens Arrest

(Sec. 5, Rule 113, Rules on Criminal Procedure).

Arrest is the actual restraint of the person to be arrested or by his submission to

the custody of the person making the arrest. No violence or unnecessary force shall be

used in making an arrest, and the person to be arrested shall not be subjected to any

greater restraint than is necessary for his detention.

SEC. 1. Time of Arrest – As a general rule, arrests may be on any day at

any time of the day or night.

SEC. 2. Modes of Arrest – An arrest may be made by virtue of a Warrant

of Arrest, or without a warrant as hereinafter provided.

SEC. 3. Execution of Arrest – The head of the office to whom the

warrant of arrest has been delivered for execution shall cause the warrant to be

executed within ten (10) days from receipt. Within ten days after the expiration of

such period, the officer to whom it was assigned for execution shall make a report

to the judge who issued the warrant and, in case of his failure to execute the same,

shall state the reasons therefore.

SEC. 4. Arrest by Virtue of a Warrant of Arrest –

a. it shall be the duty of the officer executing the warrant to arrest

the accused without unnecessary delay and deliver him to the

nearest police station or jail.

b. When making an arrest by virtue of a warrant the officer shall

inform the person to be arrested of the cause of the arrest and

of the fact that a warrant has been issued for his arrest, except

when he flees or forcibly before the officer has the opportunity

to so inform him or when the giving of such information will

imperil the arrest. The officer need not have the warrant  in his

possession at the time of the arrest but after the arrest, if the

person arrested so requires the warrant shall be shown to him

as soon as practicable.

SEC. 5. Arrest Without a Warrant; When Lawful – A peace officer or

a private person may, without a warrant, arrest a person:

a.    when in his presence, the person to be arrested has committed,

is Actually committing, or is attempting to commit an offense;

b.  When, an offense has just been committed  and he has probable

cause  to believe, based on personal knowledge of facts or

circumstances, that the person to be arrested has committed it;

and

c.   When the person to be arrested is prisoner who has escaped

from a penal establishment or place where he is serving final

judgment or temporarily confined while his case is pending, or

has escaped while being transferred from one confinement area

to another.

SEC. 6. Duties of Arresting Officer in Case of Arrest Without a

Warrant –

a.   The arresting officer shall inform the subject or suspect, in the

dialect or language known to him, why he is being arrested,

and of his right to remain silent and to have a counsel of his

own choice, to be inform of his authority and the cause of the

arrest, unless the person to be arrested is then engaged in the

commission of an offense or is pursued immediately after its

commission or after and escapes; or flees or forcibly resists

before the officer has opportunity to so inform him, or when

the giving of such information will imperil the arrest.

b. The arrested person shall be delivered to the proper authorities

without unnecessary delay and within the time prescribed in

article 125 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended (12, 18, or

36, hours, as the case may be ).

c.   The person arrested without a warrant shall be delivered to the

nearest police station or jail, and shall be the subject of inquest

proceedings under Section 7, Rule 112 of the 2000 Rule of

Criminal Procedure.

d. If the person arrested without a warrant waives his right to

remain to silent under the provisions of Art 125 of the Revised

Penal Code and opts to give a statement and present evidence

for his defense, the arresting officer shall ensure that the waiver

made by the person arrested shall be in writing and in the

presence of his counsel of choice.

SEC. 7.  Physical of Arrested Person/ Suspect – Immediately after arrest

of person ordered arrested by the court, or of a suspect under investigation, he

should be subjected to a physical examination by a medico-legal officer or, in the

absence of such medico-legal officer, by any government physician in the area.

Prior to is release or any change of custody, the suspect shall also be physically

examined.

SEC. 8. Prohibitions – No torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, or

any other means which violates the free will shall be used against a suspect.

Secret detention places, solitary confinement (incommunicado) or other similar

forms of detention shall be prohibited.

SEC. 9. Record Check – The officer shall make a record check for the

possibility that the arrested person is wanted for crimes other that for which the

same was arrested.

Rule 12: SEARCH AND SEIZURES

SEC. 1. Search Warrant Defined – Ii is an order in writing issued in the

name of the People of the Philippines, signed by a judge and directed to peace officer,

commanding him to search for any property described therein and bring it before the

court.

SEC. 2. Requisites for Issuance of Search Warrant – A search warrant

shall be issued only upon probable cause in connection with one specific offense to be

determined personally by the judge after the examination under oath or affirmation of the

complainant and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly describing the place to

be searched  and the things to be seized.

The following are the properties subject to seizure;

a. Properties which are the subject of the offense;

b.Stolen embezzled proceeds, or fruits of the offense

c. Objects including weapons, equipment and other items used or

intended to be used as the means of committing an offense;

d.Objects that are illegal per se in plain view.

SEC. 3. Applications for Search Warrant -  All application for search

warrant shall be approved by a duly designated officer. The application shall be recorded

in a log book. The application shall indicate the following data:

a.  Office applying for the Search Warrant;

b. Name of officer-applicant;

c.  Name of the subject, if known;

d. Address/place(s) to be searched;

e.  Specific statement of things/articles to be seized; and

f.  Sketch of the place to be searched.

SEC. 4. Authority Given to Officer in the Conduct of Search (Sec. 7 &

13, Rule 126 of the 2000 Rules of criminal Procedure as amended) – in the conduct of

search, if after giving notice of this purpose and authority the officer is refused

admittance to the place of search, he may break open any outer or inner door window or

any part of a house or anything therein to execute the warrant or liberate himself or any

person lawfully aiding  hi when unlawfully detained therein.

SEC. 5. Prohibited Acts in the Conduct of Search

a.House, rooms, or other premises shall not be searched except in

the presence of lawful occupant thereof or any member of his

family or in the absence of the latter, in the presence of two (2)

witnesses of sufficient age and discretion residing in the same

locality.

b. Lawful personal properties, papers and particularly described

in the search warrant shall not be taken.

SEC. 6. Validity of Search Warrant – The search shall be valid for ten

(10) days from date of issuance. Thereafter, it shall be void.

SEC. 7. Receipt for the Property Seized – The officer seizing property

by virtue of the warrant shall give a detailed receipt for the same top the lawful occupant

of the premises in whose presence the search and seized was made, or in the absence of

such occupant, shall, in the presence of at least two (2) witnesses of sufficient age and

discretion residing in the same locality, leave a receipt in the place in which he found the

seized property in the absence of the lawful owner.

SEC. 8. Valid Warrantless Searches and Seizures –

1. Search made incidental to a valid arrest. Moreno vs. Ago Chi, 12

Phil 439, 422 (1909) “An officer making a lawful arrest by virtue of a

warrant or under the doctrine of warrantless arrest may take from the

person arrested any money or property found upon his person which

was used in the commission of the crime or was the fruit of the crime

or which might furnish the prisoner with the means of committing

violence or escaping, or which may be used in evidence in the trial of

the case….”

2. Search of moving vehicles. Carroll V. United States, 267 U.S. 132,

153 (1925) says: “ the guaranty of freedom from unreasonable

searches and seizures is construed as recognizing a necessary

difference between a search of  adwelling, house or other structure in

respect of which a search warrant may readily be obtained and a search

of a ship, motorboat, wagon, or automobile for contrabands goods,

where it is not practicable to secure a warrant, because the vehicle can

be quickly moved out of the locality or jurisdiction in which the

warrant must be sought”

3. Seizure of goods concealed to avoid duties. Uykheytin V Villareal,

116 U.S. 746 (1886); Papa V Mago, 22 SCRA 857 ( February 28,

1968); Pacis V Pamaran, 56 SCRA 16 (March 15, 1974).

4. Seizure of evidence in plain view. Harris V United States, 390 U.S.

234, 236 (1968) says that any object “ falling in the plain view are

subject to seizure and may be introduced as evidence.”

5. When there is waiver of the right or there is consented. De Garcia

V Locsin, 65 Phil. 689, 694-5 (1938) says: It is well-settled that to

constituted a waiver of a constitutional right, it must appear, first that

the right exists; secondly, that the person involved had knowledge,

either actual or constructive, of the existence of such right; lastly, that

said person had an actual intention to relinquish the right” Thus, where

accused has voluntarily surrender his gun, he cannot claim illegality of

the seizure. People V. Agbot, 106 SCRA 325, 331 (L-376541, July 31,

1981)

Rule 13: CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION

SEC. 1 It is the conduct of processes, more particularly the recognition,

search, collection, handling, preservation and documentation of physical evidence to

include the identification and interview of witnesses and the arrest of suspect/s at the

crime scene.

SEC. 2. Upon receipt of a report/complaint of a crime incident, the

desk officer shall:

a. Record the time the report/complaint was made, the identity of the

person who made the report, place of the incident and a synopsis

of the incident.

b.Inform his superior officer or the duty officer regarding the report.

SEC. 3. First Responders – Any police who first arrives at the crime

scene and shall endeavor to protect and secure the same as follows:

a. Cordon off the crime scene with whatever available materials

like ropes, straws, human barricade, police line, if available,

etc.

b. Evacuate injured persons to the nearest hospital;

c.    Prepare to take the “dying declaration” of severely injured

person, if any;

d. Prevent entry/exit of persons within the condoned area; and

e.    Prepare to brief the investigators of the situation upon their

arrival.

SEC. 4. Crime Scene Investigation Proper-

a. Receipt of Briefing and Designation of Command Post.

The team leader upon arrival at the crime scene

receives the briefing from the first responder and shall

immediately designate a command post which ideally

located adjacent to the scene where the evidence

custodian stays and receives the pieces of evidence

turned over to him for safe keeping by the other

evidence collectors.

b. Initiation of Preliminary Survey. The team leader

makes a general assessment of the scene, takes a

cautions walk-through of the crime scene, takes down

extensive notes to document important factors, and

establishes the evidence most likely to be encountered.

He then defines the extent of the search area, and

determines personnel and equipment needed, and

makes specific assignments. From his assessments, he

develops a general theory of the crime scene.

c. Preparation of Narrative Report. The team leader uses

the systematic approach in making a narrative report.

No item is too insignificant to record if it catches one’s

attention.

d. Documentation of the Crime Scene. The photographs as

soon as possible. The evidence collectors do not touch

or move any evidence once it is located until it has been

identified, measured, recorded and photographed,

sketches supplement the photographs. The best tool in

documenting the crime scene is the use of video

camera.

e. Crime Scene Sketches. A rough sketch is prepared

indicating the actual measurement of things with scale

and proportion observed and oriented to the North Pole.

All necessary information are placed in the sketch.

f. Detailed Search. The search for physical evidence is

done using the accepted methods of search depending

upon the actual location to be searched.

g. Collection of Physical Evidence. The team leader is

always informed of significant evidence located. The

evidence collector shall put his initial, location and date

of collection on the item and turn it over to the evidence

custodian for documentation and safekeeping.

In cases where the evidence encountered needs

special processing due to significant or sensational cases,

the Scene of the Crime Operation (SOCO) specialists of the

Crime Laboratory shall be requested.

h. Conduct of Final Survey. The team leader makes a final

review of the crime scene to determine whether or not

the processing has been completed.

i. Release of the Crime Scene. The release of the crime

scene shall be done if the investigator is satisfied that

all pieces of evidence have been recovered. Thus, the

investigator must evaluate the items recovered from the

results of interrogation of the suspects and the interview

of the witnesses. He must bear in mind that upon the

formal release of the crime scene to the proper

authority, a warrant is already required for his re-entry

to the crime scene.

SEC. 5 . Conduct of Interview- While the crime scene is being

processes, the team leader shall designate other members to look for witnesses and

immediately conduct interview. The assigned investigator shall jot down important facts

for future reference.

SEC. 6. Arrest of Suspect/s-  Upon arrival at the crime scene, the team

leader shall endeavor to arrest the suspect/s if he is still at the crime scene or the first

responder did not arrest the suspect/s. The suspect/s shall be secured and shall be

separated from the other witnesses.

Rule 14: UNDERCOVER OPERATIONS

SEC. 1 Scope of Undercover Operations- Undercover operations shall

involve the collection of information to support investigative law enforcement action,

counter-intelligence operations, and other management usage.

SEC 2. Usage of Information Obtained from Undercover Operations-

Information obtained from undercover operations shall be treated only as “lead” for

further case build-up or to serve as basis for further evidence-gathering to substantiate

specific indictable legal case or cases against the suspect or suspects, and therefore, in no

uncertain terms shall it be used or considered as evidence in court nor a cause for any

immediate active law enforcement action.

SEC. 3. Mission Orders- All personnel on undercover operations shall

carry at all times mission orders/slips duly approved by their immediate supervisors and

filed appropriately with their respective offices.

SEC. 4. Restriction- Undercover operatives on mission shall confined

their operations to the specific case(s) assigned to them.

SEC. 5. After-Mission Report- The undercover operation shall submit

immediately his report upon completion of mission.

Rule 15: CUSTODIAL INVESTIGATION

SEC. 1. Custodial Investigation- Custodial investigation shall refer to the

stage where the investigation conducted by law enforcers is no longer a general inquiry

into an unsolved crime and has begun to focus on a particular suspect who had been taken

into custody by law enforcement officers who carry out a process of interrogation that

lends itself to eliciting incriminating statements. It shall also refer to instances when

suspect is taken into custody or otherwise deprived of his/her freedom of action in any

significant manner. Custodial investigation shall also include any questioning or probe

involving a person “invited” by a law enforcement officer in connection with an offense

he/she is suspected to have committed.

It is the investigation of a suspect arrested without a warrant; as such the

police is duty-bound to file a case against him within the reglementary period, strictly

adhering to his constitutional rights as hereinafter provided.

SEC. 2. Rights of the Suspect under Custodial Investigation- The

following rights of the arrested person shall be observed by the investigator during

custodial investigation as embodied under RA 7438. The suspect shall be appraised of his

right (Miranda Doctrine), to wit:

a. That he has the right to remain silent;

b.That if he waives his right to remain silent, anything he says

can be used in evidence for or against him in court;

c. That he has the right to counsel of his own choice; and that if

he cannot afford one, he shall be provided with an

independent and competent counsel; and

d.That he has the right to be informed of such right.

SEC. 3 Waiver- In the event that the suspect waives his right under Art

124 of the RPC, such waiver must be made in writing and duly signed by him and by the

counsel of his own choice or by a competent and independent counsel provided for him if

he can not afford one.

SEC. 4. Detention- Detention prisoner/s shall be locked up as may be

necessary to secure his safety and prevent his escape.

SEC. 5. Transporting Detention Prisoner-

a. If transported by jeep, the subject must be seated in the right

rear seat and one PNP escort personnel shall sit at the rear on

the left side facing the subject. Secure hands of subject under

his knees.

b. If transported by sedan, subject must be seated on the left rear

seat and the PNP escort personnel shall sit on the right rear

seat. Hands of the subject should be secured under his knees.

c.  In no case should a Detention Prisoner be transported using

public utility land vehicles that are not exclusively rented for

the purpose.

d.In no case shall a high-risk Detention Prisoner be transported

without proper escort and restraining devices.

e. Female and juvenile delinquent detainees shall not be

transported in handcuffs, but only with necessary restraint

and proper escort, preferably aided by a female personnel.

f. In no case shall a Detention Proper be allowed out of the

Detention Cell without the proper personnel escort.

g.Transport and escort of Detention Prisoner shall be limited

only from the detention cell to the proper court for inquest or

hearing or to the nearest Hospital or Clinic in case of the

mandatory medical examination prior to detention of during

actual medical emergency or in court-permitted transport.

h.In no case shall a Detention Prisoner be allowed travel and

escort outside the detention cell to places devoted for

recreation, worship, entertainment meals and dining and

others of similar and analogous description.

i. Detention Prisoner shall as much as possible be transported in

detention prisoner uniform or proper attire that may identify

him/her as a detention prisoner.

SEC. 6. Monitoring of Cases- An investigator’s job does not end upon

the filing of the case with the prosecutor’s office. It is imperative that the case be

continuously monitored up to its final resolution.

SEC. 7. Media Presentation/Press Conference-  Presentation of arrest

persons before the media or the conduct of press conference in connection with such

arrest shall be done only on the following instances:

a. When the arrest is by virtue of valid warrant;

b.When the arrest is made “en flagrante delecto” or caught in the

act and the crime committed is heinous. In short, arrested

persons for minor crimes even if caught in the act may not be

presented before the media.

c. In cases of warrantless arrest, presentation before the media of

arrested persons under this category shall be done only after

such arrested person shall have been established by the

investigating prosecutor or judge, as the case maybe; and

d.When the arrest is incidental to the service of a valid search

warrant issued by a competent court.

Rule 16: INQUEST PROCEDURES

SEC. 1. Inquest Proper-  Shall refer to an informal and summary

investigation conducted by a public prosecutor in the criminal cases involving persons

arrested and detained without the benefit of a warrant issued by the court for the purpose

of determining whether or not said persons should remain under custody and

correspondingly be charged in court.

Where the detained person does not opt for a preliminary investigation or

otherwise refuses to execute the required waiver, the investigator shall proceed with the

inquest by submitting the suspect before the inquest prosecutor to include sworn

statements/affidavits of the complainant and the witness/es and other supporting

evidence.

SEC. 2. Presence of Detained Person-  The presence of the detained

person who is under custody shall be ensured during the inquest proceedings except

under the following circumstances:

a. If he is confined in a hospital;

b.If he is detained in a place under maximum security;

c. If production of the detained will involve security risk; or

d.If the presence of the detained person is not feasible by reason of

age, health, sex and other similar factors.

Rule 17: RULES ON LABOR DISPUTES, RALLIES, DEMONSTRATIONS, AND DEMOLITIONS

SEC. 1. Applicable Legal Parameters- The pertinent provisions of the

Public Assembly Act of 1985 (Bats Pambansa Blg 8500), the Labor Code of the

Philippines, as amended and other applicable laws, shall be observed during rallies,

strikes, demonstrations or other public assemblies. Accordingly, law enforcement agents

shall, at all times, exercise maximum tolerance. In case of unlawful aggression, only

reasonable force may be employed to prevent or repel it. The employment of teargas and

water cannons shall be made under the control and supervision of the Ground

Commander. No arrest of any leader, organizer, or participant shall be made during the

public assembly, unless he violates any pertinent law as evidence warrants.

SEC 2. General Policy –

a. The involvement of PNP personnel during strikes, lockouts and labor

disputes in general shall be limited to the maintenance of peace and

order, enforcement of laws, and implementation of legal orders of the

duly constituted authorities.

b. Whenever the assistance of the PNP is necessary, elements of the local

police force should be called upon to render assistance. Such request

for assistance shall be addressed to the Regional Director, National

Capital Regional Police Office or the Police Regional Offices. Unless

directed by the President or personally by the chairman of the National

Police Commission upon consultation with the Secretary of Labor and

Employment or when requested by the latter, personnel from the

Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) shall not intervene nor be

utilized in any labor dispute.

c. Insofar as practicable, no officer of the law shall be allowed to render

services in connection with a strike or lockout if there is question or

complaint as regards his relationship by affinity or consanguinity to

any official/leader of the parties in the controversy or if he has

financial or pecuniary interest therein.

d. A peace-keeping detail shall be established in the strike or lockout area

when requested by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)

or as the Regional Director, National Capital Regional Police Office,

City Police Office/Provincial Director, may deem necessary for the

purpose of maintaining peace and order in the area.

e. Personnel detailed as peace-keeping force in strike or lockout areas

shall be in uniform, with proper nameplates at all times. They shall

exercise maximum tolerance and shall observe courtesy and strict

neutrality in their dealing with both parties in the controversy, bearing

in mind that the parties to the labor dispute are not their adversaries

but their partners in the quest for industrial peace and human dignity.

As much as possible, they shall not inflict any physical harm upon

strikers and/or picketers or any person involved in the strike/lockout.

When called for by the situation or when all other peaceful and non-

violent means have been exhausted, la enforcers may employ as a last

resort only such means as may be necessary and reasonable to prevent

or repel an aggression.

SEC 3. Peace-keeping – The peace-keeping detail shall not be stationed

in the picket (or confrontation line) but should be stationed such that their

presence may deter the commission of criminal acts or any untoward

incident from either side. The members of the peace-keeping detail shall

stay outside a 50-meter radius from the picket line. In cases wherein the

50-meter radius includes a public thoroughfare, they may station

themselves in such public thoroughfare for the purpose of insuring the free

flow of traffic.

SEC 4. Additional Instructions-

a. Except as provided in these guidelines, the matter of

determining whether a strike, picket or lockout is legal or not

should be left to DOLE and its appropriate agencies. PNP

elements are enjoined from interfering in a strike, picket or

lockout, except as herein provided, for the sole reason that it

is illegal.

b. No personal escort shall be provided to any of the parties to

the controversy unless so directed by the competent

authority. Whenever escorts are to be provided to any, the

other party shall be informed accordingly. All escort shall be

in uniform at all times.

c.    During the pendency of a strike/lockout, the police and

military personnel concerned are discouraged from the

socializing with any of the parties involved in the

controversy.

d.   Liaison shall be established and maintained with the

representatives of DOLE, management and the union in the

strike/lockout area for the purpose of maintaining peace and

order, as well as to maintain a continuing peaceful dialogue

between the parties to the strike/lockout.  If possible, a

monthly meeting between the representatives of the PNP,

NAPOLCOM, DOLE and concerned sectors shall be

conducted to assess and monitor compliance with and

implementation of the guidelines.

Rule 18:  STRIKES, LOCKOUTS, AND LABOR DISPUTES

SEC. 1. Peace-keeping Detail -  The peace keeping detail shall be

stationed in the picket (or confrontation line) in such a manner that its presence may deter

the commission of criminal acts from either side.  The members of the peace-keeping

detail shall position themselves outside a 50-meter radius from the picket line.  In cases

wherein the 50-meter radius includes a public thoroughfare, they may station themselves

in the public thoroughfare for the purpose of insuring the free flow of traffic.

SEC. 2. Service of Lawful Orders or Writ-

a. The service of DOLE, court, or other lawful orders or writs

or writs is the primary concern of the DOLE representative,

sheriff, and representative of the government agency

issuing the order, respectively.  The role of the PNP, AFP,

and Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) is only supportive.

Only when specifically stated and requested in the order or

writ shall the PNP enforce such orders or writs, subject to

the provisions of paragraph 3 hereof.

SEC. 3. Prohibited Socializing – During the pendency of a strike or

lockout, the police and military personnel concerned are discouraged from socializing

with any of the parties involved in the controversy. These personnel shall not, under any

pretext, accept any invitation from management personnel or union officials or personnel

involved in the controversy.

SEC. 4. Liaison -    Liaison shall be established and maintained with

representatives of DOLE, management, and the union in the strike or lockout area for the

purpose of maintaining peace and order and a continuing peaceful dialogue between the

parties to the strike or lockout.

SEC. 5. Prohibited Labor Activities- No public official or employee,

including officers and personnel of the PNP, shall:

a. bring in, introduce or escort, in any manner, any individual who

seeks to replace strikers in entering or leaving the premises of a

strike area or

b. work in place of the strikers.

Rule 19: DEMOLITION ORDERS, INJUNCTIONS, AND OTHER SIMILAR ORDERS

SEC 1. Role of the PNP in the Enforcement of a Demolition Order-

a. Police Assistance in the enforcement or implementation of a

demolition or injunction order shall be granted only upon a

written request of the Sheriff or authorized representative and

accompanied by a valid order issued by a competent court

and/or with written permission from the Presidential

Commission for Urban Poor. Moreover, said police assistance

shall be coordinated and cleared with the concerned mayor

before its enforcement.

b.The duties of PNP personnel in any demolition activity shall be

limited to the maintenance of peace and order, protection of

life and property, enforcement of laws and legal orders of duly

constituted authorities, and to perform specific functions

prescribed by law.

c. PNP personnel tasked to provide police assistance shall be in

proper uniform and will be led by an officer during the actual

and legal relocation phase. They shall be limited only to

occupying the first line of law enforcement and civil

disturbance control; shall not participate in the physical

dismantling of any structure subject of eviction or demolition;

and shall refrain from the use of unnecessary and unreasonable

force.

SEC 2. Procedures in the Enforcement of a Demolition Order-

a. PNP personnel should be informed of the prevailing situation,

their tasks, strict observance of Human Rights, and the

appropriate provisions of the POP.

b.All police assistance rendered shall be officer-led, if possible by

the Chief of Police who has jurisdiction over the area and who

should be present during the demolition activity.

c. Police assistance shall be rendered only to the affected parties.

d.All personnel involved shall be in complete uniform and shall

desist from the use of any violence or any actuation that may

harm, harass, or terrorize the affected parties.

e. The mode of participation shall be strictly to maintain peace and

order during the entire demolition/ejectment activity, ensuring

the protection of all parties from harm and injury.

f. The deployment of tear gas and water cannon shall be applied

only as a last resort, when all other peaceful and non-violent

means have been exhausted, and shall be made under proper

advice and command of a responsible or superior police

officer.

g.All arrests made during the operation shall be investigated by the

Station which has jurisdiction over the area.

h.The Unit or Station concerned shall render situation reports every

two (2) hours during the demolition operation followed by a

written report after a demolition activity, for reference of

higher HQs.

Rule 20: CHECKPOINTS

SEC. 1. Authority to Establish Checkpoints-  The establishment of

permanent checkpoints must always be authorized by the PNP and manned by uniformed

PNP personnel assigned in the area. Other units directly involved in an operation may

establish mobile checkpoints in coordination with the Commander of the Unit/Station in

the area.

SEC 2. Requirements-

a. Only mobile checkpoints are authorized and they shall be

established only in conjunction with ongoing operations. Only

official and marked vehicles shall be used in establishing

mobile checkpoints.

b.Checkpoints may be established when there is a need to arrest a

criminal or fugitive from justice.

c. The conduct of searches, seizures, and arrests in checkpoints

shall be done with civility and with due respect to innocent

passer-by, commuters or bystanders.

d.The area where the checkpoints shall be established must be

properly lighted and legible and clear signs shall be exhibited

to show that searches are being conducted.

e. Enforcement officers manning the checkpoints shall be in proper

uniform at all times with their identification cards and

nameplates on.

f. Personnel manning checkpoints shall always be led by an Officer

with the rank of Police Inspector at least.

g.Checkpoint personnel shall not mulct, extort, or harass drivers,

passengers, traders, etc.

SEC 3. Procedures to be Followed When Checkpoints are Ignored-

When checkpoints are ignored, the following shall be observed:

a. In the event that checkpoints/roadblocks are ignored and the

motorist/suspects bump the roadblock in an attempt to elude

arrest or avoid inspection, the team leader shall immediately

contact adjacent units to inform them of the situation and

immediately conduct dragnet operation, while those at the

checkpoint shall pursue the errant fleeing motorist.

b.Warning shots shall be discouraged due to the confusion it may

create for the driver and passengers of the vehicle. Megaphone

or police sirens shall be used instead during the pursuit. The

plate number of the vehicle shall be noted and given to other

units in adjacent areas to prevent the possibility that the vehicle

may elude the pursuit operation.

c. In the event that the occupants of the vehicle open fire on the

personnel manning the checkpoint, reasonable force to

overcome the suspects aggression may be employed.

SEC 4 Limitation of Searches at Checkpoints- Searches made at check

or checkpoints shall be limited to visual search and neither the vehicle nor the occupants

shall be subjected to physical search. An extensive search may be allowed only if the

officers conducting the search have probable cause to believe that they would find

evidence pertaining to the commission of a crime in the vehicle to be search and there is

no sufficient time to secure a valid warrant.

SEC 5. Flagging Down or Accosting Vehicles While in Mobile Car-

This rule is a general concept and does not apply in hot pursuit situations. The Mobile

Car Crew shall undertake the following, when applicable:

a. Call the headquarters and inform it of the make or type and

plate number of the motor vehicle to be accosted including

the number and, if possible, identity of occupants;

b. State the reason(s) for flagging the suspected motor vehicle;

c. Give mobile car location and direction (heading) before

making actual intervention;

d. Try to get side-by-side with the suspect and check the

occupants without alarming them of your purpose. You can

even overtake them and wait for them at your chosen location

before stopping their vehicle;

e. Determine whether the suspects are hostile or not;

f. Make known to the suspect(s) that you are after them through

the siren or megaphone;

g. Instruct the driver to pull over or stop on the side of the

street;

h. Park behind the suspect’s vehicle at a discreet distance and

cautiously approach the vehicle on the driver’s side;

i. If the vehicles window heavily tinted and the occupants

cannot be seen, instruct the driver to open all windows to

have a clear view of the interior of the vehicle;

j. Instruct the driver to turn off the ignition, if this was not done

when he stopped;

k. The other members of the team must be on guard for any

eventuality while the vehicle is being approached.

l. Talk to the driver in a most courteous manner and inform him

of the nature of his violation. Demand to see the driver’s

license, photocopies of the certificate of registration and the

official receipt. Examine these documents and counter-check

the driver on the information reflected herein;

m. If it concerns traffic violations, immediately issue a Traffic

Violation Receipt (TVR). Never indulge in prolonged,

unnecessary conversation or argument with the vehicle’s

occupants;

n. In cases of other violations that require the impounding of the

vehicle, inform the driver regarding this situation and instruct

him to follow you, after issuing the TVR; and

o. Before moving out, inform Headquarters regarding the

situation/status and disposition of the person and motor

vehicle accosted.

SEC. 6. Dealing with Hostile Situation – The following are the

procedures to be followed in dealing with hostile drivers:

a.  Stopping Vehicles

1. Follow the procedure stated from (a) to (c) of Section 5;

2. Immediately request for back-up;

3. Follow the suspect and always keep him within visual

range;

4. Expect that the suspect will notice your action at any time.

Be prepared for a car chase or actual hostile confrontation;

5. If the back-up is already in the vicinity, inform

Headquarters that you are proceeding to accost the suspect;

6. Inform the suspects that you are after them through the

siren or megaphone and instruct the driver to pull over or

stop on the side of the street;

7. Park at a discreet distance behind the suspect’s vehicle;

8. While the vehicle is being approached, the other members

of the crew and back-up must be on guard for any

eventuality. Overreactions should be avoided;

9. If the vehicle’s windows are heavily tinted and the

occupants cannot be seen, instruct the driver to open all

windows for a clear view of the vehicle’s interior;

10. Direct the driver and other occupants of the vehicle not to

make unnecessary movements and to show their hands

outside the car;

11. Instruct the driver to turn off the ignition and toss the key to

the ground. Demand to see the Driver’s license and

photocopies of the vehicle’s certificate of registration and

the official receipt. Examine the documents and counter-

check the driver on the information reflected therein; and

12. If there are other suspects aside from the driver, separate

them from one another.

b.  Fleeing Vehicles

1. In the event that the motor vehicle did not stop despite the

warning given, inform Headquarters so that roadblocks can

be put up.

2. When the vehicle of the suspect is cornered or stopped,

instruct the driver and other occupants in a clear and

commanding voice to follow specifically what you will

require of them. Failure on their part to follow will be

construed as a hostile act on their part. Execute instructions

on the use of reasonable force.

3. Instruct the driver to open his door and to put his foots out

of the vehicle, followed by his hands to be placed on top of

the vehicle, or to move towards you with his hands up.

4. Instruct other occupants of the vehicle, if any, to come out

one by one, as what the driver has done.

5. Arrest and handcuffs the suspect and bring them to

Headquarters for proper disposition.

6. Before moving out, inform Headquarters about the

situation, status and disposition of the suspects and motor

vehicle accosted.

Rule 21:  CIVIL DISTURBANCE MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS

SEC. 1.  General Guidelines –

The PNP units tasked to maintain peace and order shall not

interfere with the holding of public assembly after verification that the

permit for such purpose has been issued by the local government unit

concerned. To ensure public safety, a Civil Disturbance Management

(CDM) contingent under the command of a Police Commissioned Officer

with the rank of Police Senior Inspector or higher shall be detailed and

stationed at least 100 meters away from the place where the public

assembly is being held. In the absence of any permit from the LGU

concerned, the PCO in command should exert effort to persuade the

demonstrators to disperse peacefully and vacate the public place. In case

of lightning rallies or demonstrations, orderly dispersal should only be

resorted to, including the apprehension of those responsible therefore, in

case of resistance after an exhaustive dialogue for voluntary dispersal has

failed.

SEC.2.  Specific Guidelines –

1. When their assistance is requested by the leaders or

organizers, it shall be imperative for the members of the

PNP CDM contingent, to perform their duties always

mindful that their responsibility to provide proper

protection to those exercising their right to assemble

peaceably and their freedom of expression are

primordial. Toward this end, the members of the PNP

CDM  contingent who deal with the demonstrators shall

be in complete uniform with their nameplates and units

to which they belong displayed prominently on the

front and dorsal parts of their uniform.

2. The members of the PNP CDM  contingent shall not

carry any kind of firearms but may be equipped with

baton or riot  sticks, crash helmets with visor, gas

masks, boots or ankle-high shoes with shin guards.

3. Tear gas, smoke grenades, water cannons, or any

similar anti-riot device shall not be used unless the

public assembly is attended by actual violence, or

serious threats of violrnce, or deliberate destructionof

property.

SEC. 3. Dispersal of Public Assembly with Permit -

No public assembly with a permit shall be dispersed.  However, if an

assembly becomes violent, the police  may orderly disperse such public assembly

in the following manner:

1.  At the first sign of impending violence, the Ground Commander

of the PNP CDM contingent shall call the attention of the

leaders of the public assembly and ask the latter to prevent any

possible disturbance.

2. If actual violence starts to a point where rocks or other harmful

objects from the participants are thrown at the police or at the

non-participants or at any property causing damage to such

property, the designated officers/PNP CDM Commander shall

AUDABLY warn the participants that if the disturbance persists,

the public assembly will be orderly dispersed.  The CDM

Commander may also conduct a dialogue with the leaders

informing them of their actions and advise them to disperse

peacefully.

3. If the violence or disturbance prevailing or stated in the

preceding subparagraph does not stop or abate, the designated

Officer/Commander of the contingent shall AUDIBLY issue a

warming to the participants of the public assembly, through

loudhailers or public address system, and after allowing a

reasonable period of time lapse, shall immediately order it to

forthwith disperse.

4.  No arrest of any leader, organizer or participant shall be made

during the public assembly unless he violates any law, statute,

ordinance or any provision of Batas Pambansa Bilang 880 during

the assembly.  Such arrest shall be governed by Article 125 of

the Revised Penal Code, as amended.

5.  Isolated acts or incidents of disorder or breach of the peace

during the public assembly shall not constitute a ground for

dispersal.

SEC. 4.  Dispersal of Public Assembly Without Permit –

When the public assembly is held without a permit where a permit is

required, the said public assembly may be orderly dispersed.  Water cannons may be used

to disperse the crowd when the situation so dermands.

SEC. 5.  CDM Operational Tasks -

1. Isolate the area

2. Secure Likely targets

3. Control Crowds

4. Establish area control

5. Neutralize special threats

SEC. 6. CDM Operational Approaches -

1. The commitment of CDM personnel must be viewed as

a last    resort.  Their role, therefore, should never be

greater than is absolutely necessary, under the particular

circumstances which prevail.  This does not mean,

however, that the number of troops employed should be

minimized. On the contrary, the degree of force

required to control a disturbance is frequently inversely

proportionate to the number of available personnel.

Doubts concerning the number of troops required,

therefore, should normally be resolved in favor of large

numbers may prevent the development of situations in

which the use of excessive force is necessary.  A large

reserve of troops should be maintained during civil

disturbance operations.  The knowledge that a large

reserve force is available builds morale among law

enforcement personnel and contributes toward

preventing overreaction to provocative acts by

disorderly persons.

2. In selecting an operational approach to a civil

disturbance situation, the Commander and his staff

must adhere scrupulously to the “minimum necessary

force” principle, for example, crowd control formations

or riot control formation or riot control agents should

not be used is saturation of area with manpower would

suffice.

3. Every effort should be made to avoid appearing as an

alien invading force and to present the image of a

restrained and well-disciplined force whose sole

purpose is to assist in the restoration of law and order

with a minimum loss of life and property and due

respect for those citizens whose involvement may be

purely accidental. Further, while control force

personnel should be visible, tactics or force

concentrations, any activity which might excite rather

than calm should be avoided when possible.

4. Consistent with the controlling principle that he must

use only the minimum force necessary to accomplish

his mission, the Commander arms his troops with rattan

sticks, shield, Kevlar helmet and handcuffs.

SEC. 7. Police Response in  Crowd Control –

1. During the Planning and Formative Stage

a.  Negotiate with demonstrators’ leaders

b. Police authorities send intermediaries

c.  Send Intel agents

2. During Initial and Peaceful Stage

a. Allow demonstrators to supervise themselves.

b. Allow private volunteers to supervise demonstrators

c.   A show of force by the Police

3.  During Riotous Stage

a.  Use respected civic leaders to appeal to the

rioters to disperse

b.  Use of police formations and arrests

c. Use of special types of less lethal   weapon and

ammunition

d. Use of additional forces (security team/AWAT

teams)

e.  Use of AFP force – only as reserve

4.   During Violent Stage

a. Police should stand their ground to prevent

violent demonstrators from inflicting injuries

against any individual, damage to public and private

properties, and for their dispersal.

b. Use respected community leaders to persuade the

demonstrators to stop the violence and surrender.

c. Use necessary force as a last resort.

Post-Demonstration Stage

a. Withdraw main police force from the demonstrators’

area.

b. Maintain force or presence in the area.

Rule 22: HOSTAGE SITUATION

SEC. 1. Procedures to be followed in a Hostage Situation – The

following steps shall be undertaken:

a. A Crisis Management Task Group shall be activated

immediately.

b.  Incident scene shall be secured and isolated.

c. Unauthorized persons shall not be allowed entry and exit to

the incident scene.

d. Witnesses’ names, addresses, and other information shall

be  recorded.  Witnesses shall be directed to a safe

location.

SEC. 2. Ground Commander – There shall be only one Ground Commander in

the area.

SEC. 3. Negotiators – There shall be designated by the Ground Commander.  No

one shall be allowed to talk to the hostage-taker without clearance from the negotiating

panel or Ground Commander.

SEC. 4. Assault Team -  An Assault team shall be alerted for deployment in case

the negotiation fails.  Members of this assault team wear authorized and easily

recognizable uniform during the conduct of the operation.  Bonnets shall not be used.

SEC. 5. Assault Plan – The assault shall be planned to ensure minimal threat to

life for all parties.

SEC. 6. Support Personnel – An ambulance with medical participating elements

shall be consolidate efforts in solving the crisis.

SEC. 7. Coordination – Proper coordination with all participating elements shall

be done to consolidate efforts in solving the crises.

SEC. 8. Safety of Hostage(s) – In negotiating for the release of a hostage, the

safety of the hostage shall always be paramount.

SEC. 9. Procedures to be Followed during Negotiations – The following shall

be undertaken in the conduct of negotiations:

a. Stabilize and contain the situation;

b. Select the right time to make contact with the hostage-taker;

c. Take time when negotiating;

d. Allow hostage-taker to speak;

e. Don’t offer the hostage-taker anything.  What he will ask for will be part

of the negotiation;

f. Avoid directing frequent attention to the victim when talking to the

hostage-taker;

g. Do not call them hostages.  Be as honest as possible avoid tricks; be

sincere;

h. Never dismiss any request from the hostage-taker as trivial or

unimportant;

i. Never say “NO”;

j. Soften the demands;

k. Never set a deadline; try not to accept a deadline;

l. Do not make alternate suggestions not agreed upon in the negotiation;

m. Do not introduce outsiders (non-law enforcement officers) into the

negotiation process, unless their presence is extremely necessary in the

solution of the crises; provided that they shall be properly advised on the

do’s and don’ts of hostage negotiations;

n. Do not allow any exchange of hostages, unless extremely necessary; in

particular, do not exchange a negotiator for a hostage;

o. Avoid negotiating face-to-face; and

p. Law enforcement officers without proper training shall not be allowed to

participate in hostage negotiations.

Rule 23: AVIATION SECURITY PROCEDURES

SEC. 1. International Conventions – These protocols are about civil aviation

safeguard against hijacking and acts of unlawful interference to civil aviation.

a. The Chicago Convention

The Chicago Convention which was participated in by 52 nations in

November 1944 at Chicago, USA, paved the way for the formation of the international

Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) purposely to ensure the safe and orderly growth of

international civil aviation throughout the world.

The ICAO officially came into existence on 4  April 1947 and thus

became the permanent body under the United Nations charged with the administration of

the principles and objectives of Convention.

b. The Tokyo Convention

The Tokyo Convention, also known as the Convention on Offenses and

Certain Other Acts Committed on Board an Aircraft, was signed in Tokyo, Japan on 14

September 1963  and came into force on 4 December 1969.  This was ratified by a total

of 124 states, including the Philippines.

The convention defined all acts which, whether or not classifiable as

offenses, may jeopardize the safety of an aircraft, the persons on board or property

therein, and such other acts which may jeopardize good order and discipline on board the

aircraft. It also enumerated and explained the powers of the aircraft commander in an

international flight, as well as the competence of signatory states to exercise Jurisdiction

over offenses committed on board an aircraft.

c. The Hague Convention

The Hague Convention, also known as the Convention for the

Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, was signed in The Hague, Netherlands on

16 December 1970 and came into force on 14 December 1971.  This was come ratified

by a total of129 states, including the Philippines.

Signatory states agreed to make hijacking punishable by severe

penalties, and to include it in the list of extraditable crimes.  Hijackers may be tried in the

country where the aircraft landed or where the aircraft is registered.

d. The Montreal Convention.

The Montreal Convention, also known as the Convention for the

Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, was signed in

Montreal, Canada on 23 September 1971 and came into force on 26 January 1973.

Signatory states were obligated to enact laws covering all acts of

unlawful interference with civil aviation and to provide severe penalties for any

violations.

e. National Legislations: Republic Act 6975-

Pursuant to section 35, paragraph b (7) of Republic Act 6975, the PNP

Aviation Security Command which was later renamed as Aviation Security Group

(ASG), in coordination with airport authorities, is tasked to; (1) secure all the

country’s airports against offensive and terroristic acts that threaten civil aviation,

(2) exercise operational control and supervision over all agencies involved in

airport security operations, and (3) enforce all laws and regulations relative to air

travel protection and safety.

SEC. 2. Standard Aviation Screening Procedures- One of the most important

aspects of aviation security is to prevent the introduction of firearms, weapons

and other dangerous devices into areas of the aircraft to which access may be

gained during flight. In order to achieve this, the inspection/screening of

passengers and their cabin baggage by ASG elements is mandatory.

Inspection/screening of passenger, cabin baggage, cargos and the aircraft may be

carried out through the use of metal detectors, X-ray machines, and other devices,

by manual search or by a combination of both. The following are the standard

inspection/screening devices:

a. Walk-through (gate-type metal detector)- Used as a means of determining if

passengers are carrying metal on their persons. Sensitivity can be adjusted for

alarms to be activated by different amounts of metal. To ensure effectiveness,

a calibration should be selected which is sufficiently sensitive to detection of a

firearm of a predetermined size. An alarm by the device is an immediate cause

for suspicion and increased alertness on the part of Aviation Security Group

(ASG) personnel assigned at the inspection/screening checkpoint. All

passengers shall be required to divest themselves of all metal items prior to

walking through the “Gate”. A passenger who causes the device to activate its

alarm shall be subjected to additional processing, such as manual search or

search with a hand-held metal detector.

b. Hand-held metal detectors- also called scanners, these are used in

determining the exact location of metal on a person who had earlier passed

through the “Gate” and triggered the alarm.

c. X-Ray Device- this equipment provides a means of inspecting/screening

baggage and other articles by enabling the operators to actually see firearms or

other dangerous devices. However, if the X-ray operator can not accurately

determine or identify the image viewed on the monitor, a manual inspection

must be conducted.

d. Frisking- this is the pat down inspection of the passenger’s body weapons,

explosives or other dangerous substances which maybe concealed. This is

done through manual frisking or with the use of hand-held metal detector.

Rule 24: INTERNAL SECURITY OPERATIONS

SEC. 1. General Mandate. The PNP is mandated by law to support the AFP in

internal security operations (ISO). However, the PNP shall play an active role in

places were there are no AFP troops available, or when the President so directs.

SEC. 2. The PNP in A Support Role. PNP units involved in ISO in support of

the AFP shall:

a. Conduct sustained law enforcement actions against dissident Terrorists’

(DTs) atrocities;

b. Collect intelligence information on DT activities;

c. Conduct limited ISO, of a defensive nature, to flush DTs out of urban

areas. At all times, the PNP units concerned shall coordinate with the

AFP units in the area at the first opportunity.

d. Conduct investigation and prosecution of ISO-related cases.

SEC 3. The PNP in an Active Role.  In cases were there are no AFP units in the

area or when the President so directs, the PNP units concerned shall;

a.  Conduct search and destroy operations against DT strongholds and

concentrations;

b. Conduct intelligence operations to neutralize guerilla safe houses in urban

areas;

c. Conduct civil-military operations to dismantle the political machinery of

the CPP/NPA in the area.

SEC 4. Defensive Position. Police stations, especially those located in far-flung

areas, are favorite target to attacks. As such, security measures against DT atrocities must

be undertaken as follows;

a. Continuously remind all personnel to be extra careful and

security conscious  in their day to day activities and during

troop movements;

b. Vigorously implement added security measures in all police

stations and police kababayan centers, particularly those

situated in far-flung or isolated places which are vulnerable to

surprise attacks, raids or harassment by DTs;

c. Conduct continuous check and inspection of the operatio9nal

readiness of your field units/stations;

d. Always keep in mind the modus operandi, strategies and tactics

being practiced/employed by the DTs;

e. Refrain from injecting or deploying personnel/unit in

insurgent-affected areas without first conducting a thorough an

sincere threat analysis or evaluation, including social

background of the areas;

f. Re-train or re-orient personnel on back to basics training on

combat patrols, military/police intelligence, Police Community

Relations (PCR) and the like;

g. Intensify intelligence-gathering and counter-intelligence

operations to monitor or detect enemy plans and activities;

h. Intensify the conduct of covert and/or overt operations against

DTs who are acting as ordinary criminals/bandits and

extortionist;

i. Enhance the establishment of Advance Security Control Points

(ASCPs) to control the ingress and egress of people in police

stations; and

j. Exercise continuous vigilance and maintenance of law, order

and public safety in respective AOR through the conduct of

intensified police visibility patrols.

Rule 25: BOMB THREAT AND BOMB INCIDENT EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROCEDURES

SEC 1. First Responder’s Procedure on Bomb threat- The purpose of

this rule is to establish the duties and investigative responsibilities of mobile units

responding to bomb threats, and other suspected explosive devices.

a. Upon receipt of information.

1. Determine the exact location of the establishment under

threat;

2. Instruct the security officer of the establishment to conduct

a bomb search while proceeding to the area.

3. Proceed immediately to the scene.

4. Alert Explosive Ordnance Demolition team (EODT) for

bomb search mission for emergency readiness before

departure.

5. Notify higher Headquarters of development.

b. Upon arrival at the scene:

1. Confirm the reported bomb threat; notify EODT to conduct

bomb sweep.

2. Cause a suspicious/suspected device search to be made by

persons familiar to the location.

3. Unless a device is found, personnel may not order an

evacuation of the affected area but may inform the person

in-charge of the property of the need to evacuate. Assist in

evacuation of personnel should it be necessary.

c. Do not touch, tamper with or disarm any suspected device,

explosive or ordnance.

d. If a suspected device is located/found, cause the evacuation of

at least 300 meters away, and maintain security for the

protection of  life and property.

e. Isolate the suspected device.

f. Report discovery of suspected device.

g. Do not permit radio transmission within the area.

h. Turn off all electricity and gas units within the

premises/building.

i. Secure the area and prevent people from approaching.

j. Establish traffic control.

k. Summon ambulance and fire trucks to the scene.

l. Await the arrival of bomb disposal team (EODT).

m. Conduct immediate investigation if the threat/crisis is over.

n. Determine the following;

1. Name of person who received the call; date and time the

call was made.

2. What were the exact words of person making the threats.

3. Reason for the threat.

4. Time and Duration of call.

5.  Voice characteristics of the caller:male or female; young,

middle-age, or old; tone;accent;etc.

6. identify of suspects, if known.

o. Assist in the conduct of investigation by responding units when

requested to do so.

p. Report incident to higher Headquarters.

SEC 2. First Responder’s Procedure in Case of Actual Bomb Explosion-

a. Upon receipt of report;

1. Identify exact location of the incident.

2. Alert EOD teams and direct to proceed to the area.

3. Notify higher Headquarters and request assistance of

medical personnel.

4. Proceed to the scene immediately

b. Upon arrival at the scene.

1. Cause immediate evacuation of the injured.

2. Direct occupants of building/establishment to evacuate

the area. Maintain order and control crowd.

c. Notify higher Headquarters of the situation.

d. Seal off location until EODT determines if a secondary device

exists.

e. Conduct rescue operations at the scene when necessary.

f. Initiate immediate investigation if investigators have not yet

arrived. Determine the following;

1. Time of detonation/explosion

2. Time call/bomb threat was received

3. Type of device

4. Other matters as in paragraph 1

g. Submit incident report immediately

h. Avoid issuing “Speculative” press releases or statements. It is

the job of the unit Commander or his designated spokesman.

Rule 26: COMPUTER CRIME INCIDENT RESPONSE PROCEDURE

SEC. 1 Computer Crime Response Defined- Computer Crime Response

is the actual police intervention in a computer crime incident where the acquisition of

matters of evidentiary value are traceable within the computer’s hardware and its

network.

SEC 2. Do’s and Don’ts in Computer Crime Response-

a. When the computer is OFF at the time of arrival, do not turn it ON.

b. When it is ON, do not turn it OFF nor touch its mouse or keyboard.

c. If available, call for the Computer Incident Response Team (CIRT)

d. If CIRT is not available, the unplugging of the computer whether it is

ON or OFF at the time of unplugging should be done by pulling out

the cable directly from the back of the Central Processing Unit (CPU).

e. Each unplugged cable must be marked in the same marking

corresponding to the socket from where the cable was unplugged.

(Example: “Socket5” marked “A” and the “Cable End” also marked

“A”) The computer should be carefully handled and packed for

transport to the police station.

f. Only a computer forensic expert should search for any evidence

contained in the computer hardware.

g. The computer hard disk should be duplicated by the forensic expert

and the original should be kept by the evidence custodian for future

court presentation. Search and analysis shall be undertaken using the

imaged disk.

Posted in Quezon City
8 comments on “Philippines Police operational procedure
  1. aranas says:

    thank you for posting this in the pnp website because i don’t have a manual of this Operational Procedures.

  2. Kin says:

    Watta very interesting procedures to read…kinda nice really to learn/read. This is for you, Police Officer.

  3. wurm says:

    i hope you will all give all to pnp personel this police operational procedure so that all police must know the procedure in police matters not only given to those selected officers,,,

  4. Jet says:

    Thank you for sharing..two thumbs up for this..

  5. istamblingkik says:

    tnx a lot this will help for my coming napolcom promotional exam. GOD BLESS.

  6. Rich says:

    hope that this operational procedure apply formally …
    and hope that all police officer should be responsible to this procedures….

  7. Vince says:

    Thanks for posting this Police Line Function, it is very useful & accessible to the Police Officer Nationwide.

  8. nath says:

    very professional and high respected and efficient Police Officer of the PNP because of this POLICE OPERATIONAL PROCEDURE. It will help a lot to me in taking board examination in Criminology.

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